Wednesday, 19 July 2017

Wheel Surface Cleaning

Apart from aesthetics damage to your wheels is the result of improperly maintained wheels. Road salt and brake dust that sits on an unprotected wheel will eventually lead to the corrosion of metals, pitting and peeling of the paint and discoloration. A properly maintained and protected wheel will dramatically prolong the life of these materials.

Clean, properly conditioned wheels, tyres and fender wells greatly enhance the overall appearance of your vehicle. Today's wheels come in a variety of materials and finishes. Clean one wheel at a time, wash wheels and wheel-wells before the rest of the vehicle to avoid dirt and etc. coming into contact with newly washed surfaces.

There are many different finishes and materials available for rims, determine what type of rims, for example, powder coated, painted, clear coated, polished, chromed, etc and then decide on an appropriate product and cleaning method.  
Most modem automotive wheels have a painted aluminium base with two or three clear coats applied (on the ‘front’ of the wheel but not the back, these are usually just a primer paint surface) and are subjected to similar type contaminants as the paint film surface, including acid rain, airborne pollutants, alkaline water as well as road tar debris.

Wheel surfaces are subjected to intense heat, road oil and debris and generally, they see more abuse than any other visible surface on the car. Wheel cleaning is not that difficult, especially if you use the correct tools, they have to work safely but effectively.

Wheel cleaners that contain acid are the most dangerous, there are wheel acids that are safe if used with care and the directions are followed precisely. Accidents and expensive wheel replacements can always be avoided if you do some research and are smart about your choices.

Any wheel cleaner that touts spray-on, hose-off without agitation is a danger to both you and the environment. Use a cleaner that contains no acids, petroleum solvents, butyl or butyl ethers of any kind. Spraying alloy wheels with an acid or lye-based cleaner will almost instantly remove the clear finish, staining the wheel surface a milky-white. An acid can migrate into minuscule cracks and fissures in the wheel's finish and begin to flake off the clear coat. An effective wheel cleaner should be pH-balanced (slightly alkaline to counteract the acidic conditions found on most roadways).

Determine which product and concentration to use based on experience.
· 1:2 dilution for lightly soiled wheels (1 part concentrate plus 2 parts distilled water)
· Undiluted concentrate for heavily soiled wheels
Always check the products MSDS and its pH value before you use it. It is always preferable that you use a 100% acid-free product with a pH of 7.5 – 8.5.

 If the wheel surface has rash, chips, scratches or the surface is compromised or is uncoated you could end up doing a very significant amount of damage both cosmetically and structurally by using an acidic product. PH-controlled [:  means it follows the major automotive manufacturer’s guidelines for exterior cleaners; the control limit being pH 10.0<]

Use Caution - braking efficiency is reduced after washing the wheels/brakes. This could cause an accident. For this reason, following a car wash, drive with particular care until the brakes are dry.

A warning about acids and HF
Of all the chemicals used in the detail business, wheel acids are the most dangerous to the wheel, the employee and the environment. Many contain hydrofluoric (HF) acid which is extremely harmful if you get it on your skin, in your eyes or inhale it and is not recommended.

With any wheel acid, you should always wear safety equipment. This means glasses and gloves and the work should be done in a well-ventilated area.
Non-acid wheel cleaners, while not as dangerous, have a high pH (12 or 13). They are harmful to your eyes and will severely dry out your hands if not used with gloves. So do not be fooled into thinking that they are not dangerous. They will also etch a painted surface just like an acid

Also, repeated use of wheel acid can break down in the resin in the clear-coat and cause it to cloud and/or deteriorate. So use acid only when absolutely necessary.Remember: Just because it cleans faster than non-acid does not mean you should always use it.

Wheel Balancing Weights
Remove any adhesive residue with 3M™ Adhesive Remover is a ready-to-use blend of safe petroleum solvents designed to remove adhesive deposits from exterior vehicle surfaces. To minimise the possibility of staining, do not apply in direct sunlight or onto a hot surface. Not for sale in California.

Suggested replacement: 3M™ General Purpose Adhesive Cleaner

Brake Dust
Airborne ferrous particles containing iron actually penetrate the paint and create corrosive compounds that eat deep into the paint's sub-layers or paint’s pin-holes. This is a gradual process that often is not evident until it's too late. Claying or polishing only removes the particle, not its effects, which are continuing to spread beneath the surface.

Modern brake pads are complex compounds of metals, synthetic materials and adhesives (the binder system) used in brake pads can be very difficult to remove and they are also corrosive and will etch the wheel surface this is designed to wear away under friction like the rest of the pad. These materials become sintered (heat etched) to the wheel surfaces and rims due to the high kinetic (friction) temperature conditions they are normally exposed to. Brake dust contains high levels of iron and once sintered to the rim, becomes extremely difficult to dissolve or remove and will become a conduit for rust compromising the paint surface of your wheels

· Hose off as much initial grime as you can.
· Rinse up into the wheel well to wash away road kill, mud and other debris.
· Use detailing clay and lubrication to remove any embedded contaminants
· Use a d-limonene (citrus) based cleaner to remove any road tar or oil. Apply P21S® Total Auto Wash  to wheel surfaces and let soak in, agitate with a long-handled boar’s haired brush before rinsing
· Spray P21S® Wheel Cleaner (Gel or Liquid) this cleaner is 100% acid-free and will not damage any type of wheel finish. (Gel for badly soiled and regular for normal soil) onto wheel rims and let soak in
· For badly brake dust soiled surfaces use Aquartz IronX or Sonax Wheel Cleaner formulated with neutralised acid salt. Spray onto wheel surface; allow reacting, and then agitating with a wheel brush before hosing off.
· Used the P21S® Polishing Soap on the clean wheel to polish the lips, inner wheel, and face of the wheel. (agitate lightly on the clear coated parts) Before finally removing cleaner, agitate with a soft brush and then rinse off (See Wheel Brushes)

Caution – do not use acidic or neutralised acid products on compromised (i.e. kerbed, flaking or pitted chrome) as they will damage the nickel coating underneath, causing plating failure. Chrome plating is applied over nickel; which provides the reflectivity and most of the corrosion resistance. The plating is exceptionally thin, measured in microns

The chemicals used in products like IronX, Ferrex, et al are harmful if they come into contact with bare skin, wear hand protection

Do not use the same towels for both bodywork and wheel surfaces.  It’s better to earmark separate towels for the wheels

Use Caution - braking efficiency is reduced after washing the wheels/brakes. This could cause an accident. For this reason, following a car wash, drive with particular care until the brakes are dry.

Cleaning Clear Coated Wheels
To distinguish bare (no clear coat) aluminium, by using a metal polish will turn the cloth black; otherwise, they probably have a clear coat paint finish. Ensure wheels and rotors are cool before applying cold water as this may cause them to warp.
· Normal cleaning-P21S Total Auto Wash (1:10 diluted solution)
· Cleaning – P21S Wheel Cleaner (balanced pH)
· Heavy cleaning – IronX or Sonax Wheel Cleaner (neutralised acid pH 7)
Periodically remove the wheels to thoroughly clean and inspect them for damage
· Hose off as much initial grime as you can.
· Rinse up into the wheel well to wash away road kill, mud and other debris.
· Use detailing clay and lubrication to remove any embedded contaminants
· Use a d-limonene (citrus) based cleaner to remove any road tar or oil. Apply P21S® Total Auto Wash  to wheel surfaces and let soak in, agitate with a long-handled boar’s haired brush before rinsing
· Spray P21S® Wheel Cleaner (Gel or Liquid) this cleaner is 100% acid-free and will not damage any type of wheel finish. (Gel for badly soiled and regular for normal soil) onto wheel rims and let soak in
· For badly soiled surfaces use C.Quartz IronX or Sonax Wheel Cleaner both are formulated with neutralised acid salt. Spray onto wheel surface, allow to react, and then agitate with a wheel brush before hosing off
· Used the P21S® Polishing Soap on the clean wheel to polish the lips, inner wheel, and face of the wheel. (agitate lightly on the clear coated parts)
· Before finally removing cleaner, agitate with a soft brush and then rinse off (See Wheel Brushes)
· Rinse wheel surface thoroughly with clean water (to avoid splashing paint surface rise by pouring a bucket of water over each wheel from the top down
· Remove any surface imperfections with a suitable clear coat polish (dependent upon extent of damage)
· Dry wheels with a forced air blower; these are extremely powerful and will dry the whole car and the wheels as well. A good tip; flush the rotors and callipers with water until it comes out clear.
· Apply a polymer sealant (Wheel Wax, Collinite Metal Wax # 850 or ZoopSeal) to the surface of the wheels, it will protect the finish from brake dust and the elements and also make them easier to keep clean.
· Organic wax has a low melting point and will not withstand the sustained temperature surfaces are subjected to

General purpose APC - dilute Optimum Power Clean™ up to 3:1 to safely clean, vinyl, paint, and plastics. Remove old dash dressings and tough residues from interior panels and wheel surfaces. Special polymers and emulsifiers break down contaminants with minimal agitation. Use caution when cleaning as the finish on some callipers use a powder coating (Brembo, etc) that can be stained by some wheel cleaners. (See Powder Coated Finishes)

Chrome Wheels
If you've ever seen a brilliant shine on a wheel with a mirror like finish, you were probably looking at chrome. Although a chrome wheel looks great when clean, they are somewhat difficult to maintain and keep looking new. Chrome is easily damaged by brake dust and road debris. Chrome wheels should not be used in the winter. It is extremely soft finish and once you get a chip in the finish, water, salt corrosion etc can easily get under the chrome plating causing it to fail.

1. Clean wheel surface with P21S Total Auto Wash
2. Remove any road tar (bitumen) using Optimum Power Clean ™
3. For normal brake dust clean surfaces with P21S Wheel Cleaner, a mild balanced pH cleaner
4. For badly brake dust soiled surfaces use Aquartz IronX (see note 1) formulated with neutralised acid salt. Spray onto wheel surface; allow reacting, and then agitating with a wheel brush before hosing off.
5. Use P21S® Polishing Soap – formulated with polishing clay and soap flakes, a mild wheel cleaner that's pH balanced making it simple, gentle, and effective. Its primary function is to return the metal to its stock finish. It will remove a lot of the tarnish from their finish, along with any other contaminants. It can also be used on lightly tarnished aluminium, exhaust tips, or any other tarnished metals.
6. P21S® Finish Restorer - this product is primarily a polish, used for metals to refine their finish as opposed to a cleaning product to remove contaminants from metal finishes. These two products can be used together, first using the polishing soap and then the finish restorer. Finish restorer can be used on its own on metal that is only lightly tarnished.
7. Using a wheel bush (Daytona Speed Master Wheel Brush or Wheel Woolies ) to agitate cleaning product will make them more effective and help to get into hard to reach places

Note; Do not use any kind of acid on compromised finishes i.e. kerbed, peeling or chipped chrome plating

Polished Aluminium
A bare, high polished aluminium wheel can shine almost like chrome, and unfortunately, many people who buy this type of aftermarket wheel assume the wheels are chrome so they choose a chrome wheel cleaner, which used on bare, high polished aluminium, will stain the surface white almost instantly
They can be either a clear coated, anodised, or bare polished aluminium in which case different types of polishes are needed for each. Test for bare (uncoated) aluminium by using a metal polish, which will turn the cloth black. There are two recommended products; each will work differently, used separately or in tandem, they will produce a great finish.

Aluminium Wheel Polishing:

Un-coated aluminium wheels are an aftermarket product (not OEM) Uncoated; (to test apply a mild polish, if the applicator turns black (a chemical reaction between nickel and the polish then there is no clear coat on the paint finish if the wheels are clear coated see Cleaning Wheels and Tyres.

Uncoated aluminium is always in a state of tarnish (oxidation) as this is its natural sacrificial coating in the presence of air and become coated with a thin film of oxide (so-called ‘white rust’) that pacifies the metal and slows further corrosion

OEM aluminium wheels are coated and should be cleaned like any other coated wheel finish. P21S® Polishing Soap – formulated with polishing clay and soap flakes, so it is simple, gentle, and effective, it will return the metal to an OEM finish and it will remove most of the tarnish, as well as any other contaminants. It also works on any lightly tarnished aluminium in your engine bay, exhaust tips, or any other metals that are tarnished.  

P21S® Finish Restorer - this is a polishing product to refine a cleaned finish as opposed to cleaning; it’s formulated to polish metals and refine their finish. Used after the surface has been cleaned with the polishing soap or as a finish restorer on metal that is only lightly tarnished.

· Ensure wheels and rotors are cool before applying cold water as this may cause the rotors warp. Hose off as much initial grime as you can.
· Rinse up into the wheel well to wash away road kill, mud and other debris.
· Use detailing clay to remove any embedded contaminants
· Remove road tar with a solvent (Stoners™ Tarminator)
· Apply P21S® Total Auto Wash  or P21S® Polishing Soap (a clay-based polish that applies with its own sponge) to wheel surfaces and let soak in, agitate with a long-handled boar’s haired brush before rinsing
· Remove surface brake dust with a 100% acid-free and neutral pH wheel cleaner (P21S® Wheel Cleaner)
· For really soiled surfaces use Sonax Wheel Cleaner full effect on a dry surface
·  Agitate with a soft boar’s hair wheel brush and rinse with low-pressure clean water
· Remove scratches with finishing grit paper (grit number will depend upon severity of scratch)
· To remove tough stains such as oxidation and acid rain water spots, use a cutting polish (Wenol Original (Red tube) or a fine metal polish (Auto Wenol Blue tube) to remove rain water spotting and produce a bright shine (follow Wenol Original with Auto Wenol) apply products with a 100% DFT cotton micro towel
· Magnesium or aluminium wheels can be polished with a water-soluble polish (Happich Semichrome Polish, ECP Showman Polish or Autosol)
· For difficult to reach places use a felt polishing buffer on an electric drill (Dremel or Griot’s Felt Polishing Cone Set)
· Apply surface protection (G|Techniq C5 Wheel Sealant) 

Polished Aluminium Lips
They can be either a clear coated, anodised, or bare polished aluminium (using a metal polish will turn the cloth black if the metal is not coated) in which case different types of polishes are needed for each.

1. Bare (uncoated) aluminium; remove any grease with a d-limonene (citrus) based cleaner P21S® Total Auto Wash. Use Optimum Metal Polish and a Mother’s Powerball and then wash with P21S® Polishing Soap
2. Clear coated; Wash surface with P21S® Total Auto Wash, remove any brake dust/tar and then use a polymer sealant
3. Apply surface protection (Optimum Polymer Technologies Opti-Seal™)

Waterless Wash
Optimum Polymer Technologies ( ONR) has set the standard in waterless washing by using encapsulating polymers and surfactants to safely remove dirt/grime without causing surface scratching.

Waterless polymer based systems do not require pre-wetting the surfaces. A combination of polymers and surfactant cleaners safely removes dirt and grime and leaves a glossy protective finish. The polymers and surfactants used in these non-rinse washes have the capability to bond to dirt particles and act as a barrier between the dirt particles and the paint. The grime and dirt are then trapped in the surfactant, protecting the paint finish without the need to use large amounts of water to flush the dirt off the vehicle.

Used as a winter car wash or in areas that have hosepipe ban, water usage restrictions, or where a water supply is not readily available (apartments, car shows, etc; cleans and protects while minimising water usage, 100% environmentally safe and it reduces water usage to a fraction of a conventional car wash, 1- oz ONR per 2- gallons of water to wash the entire car. For best results, swirl-free results, use Optimum's high lubricity wash Optimum No Rinse Wash & Shine 

Simply mist diluted 1:3 with distilled water on to micro fibre towel and then wipes off residue. Fold your towel into quarters and rotate to expose a fresh surface for best results. It dries instantly and doesn't leave behind a greasy film like other products. Utilising special cleaning agents you can gently clean your entire car. It quickly lifts and separates oils, dust, dirt and other contaminants. The substantive polymers help suspend contaminants so they can be removed safely. It also provides meaningful protection on every surface you apply it to. For use on - vinyl, plastic, paint, metal, rubber and etc. finish will look clean and new with minimal effort.

To remove salt and road grit or to clean really soiled surfaces I would suggest a pre-rinse to remove the larger dirt particles first before being washed. Then use the ONR concentrates or the traditional two-bucket wash method or if you have a pressure washer available to remove the larger dirt/salt particles

Matte Wheel Finish
If polished with traditional polishes the finish will become less matte and glossier over time; do not wet-sand or use conventional wax or use an automatic car wash that uses hot wax in the final rinse, as the flattening agents that cause the matte appearance will become ‘levelled ‘The textured finish is accomplished by a diffused 30 degrees reflection and are retained very close to the clear coat surface. By levelling the surface the light will be reflected evenly and result in a ‘shine’.

Use a machine polisher and an ultra-soft, zero abrasive cut (100 PPI) foam pad) with a mild chemical paint cleaner it will remove surface marring and leave it satin matte.  Use a clear polymer, the key is to add surface protection and depth without adding gloss.

Swisswax Opaque products for Matte or Satin Finish paint and have been specifically developed (oil free) to ensure that they don’t change the appearance of matte or satin paint.
1. Remove any sintered brake or rail dust contaminants with a suitable cleaner (C.Quartz IronX or Sonax Wheel Cleaner)
2. Wash surface with Swisswax (SV) Opaque Car Bath
3. Prior to wax application, the wrap needs to be totally free from oils and dirt. Clean all wrapped surfaces with SV Opaque Pre-cleaner. 
4. Spray a 100% cotton micro fibre towel and apply to one panel at a time.
5. Wipe off with a clean 100% cotton towel
6. Apply SV Opaque Wax to one panel at a time, this wax will provide depth without adding a shine
7. Allow drying for 10 minutes before buffing off and moving to the next section.
8. After the wax has out gassed and set-up, allow 2-3 hours and then  buff the surface with a soft 100% cotton micro fibre towel
9. Use Quick Finish Opaque as a quick detailer to remove finger marks and smudges

Wheel cleaner pH comparisons
· Amazing Roll-Off (pH 14.0) contains butyl
· Eimann Fabrik Hi-Intensity Cleaner (pH of 13.0) contains butyl
· Bilberry is acid-free but highly caustic - 13.0
· Multi-purpose cleaners (pH between 9.5 and 12.0)
· Blackfire Gel Wheel and Tire Cleaner (pH 12.5)
· P21S® Bodywork Shampoo (ph 8.0)  
· P21S Wheel Cleaner (pH ‘controlled’ 9.0) Green
· P21S Wheel Cleaner (422) Red Gel Formula (pH 9.5)
· Sonax Autopflege Wheel Cleaner full effect (pH ‘controlled’ 9.5)
· Menzerna Tire & Wheel Cleaner (pH7.5) detergent-based cleaners with surfactants, wetting agents and oil emulsifiers
· Griot’s Wheel Cleaner (pH 7.1)
· Meguiar's D140 Wheel Brightener (pH 5.5) contains Ammonium bi-fluoride SiO2 (ABF)

Wheel Detailing Brush
These are what I consider to be the minimum requirements for a wheel brush-
· Durability: they have to last, even when used with pressure, especially its shaft
· Non-scratch: the material, fibres or the shaft tip should not cause scratches to the wheel surface
· Cleaning ability: a brush and stem that is able to withstand the (reasonable) pressure required to clean stubborn stains.
· Brush head bristles or fibres that won cause the wheel cleaner to back spray
· Easy cleaned after use

a) The Daytona Speed Master Wheel Brush - has a thicker, reinforced stem, but maintains its flexibility although the new stem is more rugged for frequent use on auto wheels. The bristles are slightly feathered on the ends to gently clean delicate wheel finishes, such as coated or plated wheels, without scratching.

b) E-Z Detail Brush - is 18 inches long, 4-1/2 inches in diameter and is super-soft with Nylex bristles, a material that combines the softness of a natural bristle with the strength of nylon. There's a vinyl tip bonded to the top of the brush and a knuckle guard on the handle but the most impressive feature of this brush is the flexible, inner core. This vinyl-coated wire core will bend in every imaginable direction which allows the brush to get into areas where few other brushes can reach.
E-Z Detail Brush, there are three versions of the brush
· Daytona Speed Master Wheel Brush (18 x 4.5 – inch)
· EZ Detail Brush mini (13 x 2.5 – inch )
· EZ Detail Motorcycle Brush (18 x 4.5-inch )

c) Eimann Fabrik Lamb’s Wool Wheel Woolies - wool wheel cleaning brushes, these brushes drastically cut the amount of time it takes to clean almost any kind of wheel. Each brush is 12- inches long with three differing diameter brush head sizes and a chemical resistant handle and a bonded wool head. Proper Auto Care 

d) Spoke & Slot Brush - simple, safe, and effective, ultra-soft bristles squeeze into wheel crevices. Lamb’s Wool Spoke Brush - it replaces those awkward spoke brushes that never seem to be the right size and lack soft bristles on the tip. This tapered Ultra soft tool is completely covered with 100% lamb’s wool and is small enough to squeeze between spokes, slots and around bolts 6 1/2" long, 1/2" to 2" in diameter - TOTL

f) Microfiber Cleaning Wand - the special microfiber thick nap cleans tight spaces in; (0.5"x1.5"x12") wheels use dry or moisten with water for extra cleaning power - no chemical cleaners are needed Machine washable, air dry, and no fabric softener. Refills are available – Casabella

g) Power Sticks - are designed to be used with your cordless drill, simply wet the wheel with water, spray on your favourite wheel cleaner, attach the Power Stick to your cordless drill, dip the brush end into a bucket of soapy water and allow the friction of the Power Stick's Super Soft Cloth to gently scrub away brake dust clear to the back of the wheel.

h) Deluxe Wheel & Brake Dust Remover Brush - was created to make sure those wheels aren't overlooked. It offers a strong scour pad to remove brake dust from your wheel, as well as outer soft bristles to clean wheels while protecting that new wheel finish. Grip Tech™ handle for non-slip, easy to grip, with stiff bristle tips to clean in between spokes flexible brush that bend to get into hard to reach rim crevices Removes brake dust and other grime while keeping the wheels shiny and clean

i) Laitner Ergonomic Spoke/ Slot Wheel Brush - removes brake dust between spokes and in narrow slot openings. The narrow wheel brush has soft, chemical resistant bristles to safely clean all types of wheels without scratching. A comfortable handle has a soft, non-slip grip. Polypropylene bristles are securely fastened a soft, non-slip handle with a tough wire core. The wire is completely covered with soft bristles and a rubber tip protects the wheel from contact. The brush is built to withstand solvents, acids, petroleum products, and detergents. 

The synthetic materials hold up through frequent, repeated use with wheel cleaners and degreasers. If the bristles become flattened, wet the brush and allow it to air dry.

The naturally feathered boar’s hair bristles will not scratch, the boar’s hair (BHB) is durable yet very gentle on any surface. Use the Clean Wheel Brush on painted, alloy, chrome, plated, and anodised wheels. The Clean Wheel Lug Nut Brush is also a great small brush for interiors 

j) Uber Spoke Brush (Detailers Domain) has white Tampico fibre twisted in wire 3-1/2" inch diameter with a pointed end, and a plain sanded hardwood handle.

Wheel Surface Sealants
Apply a sealant after cleaning to make maintenance easier, use a synthetic polymer sealant to protect wheel surfaces as it has a high melting point (350.oF +) The melting point of an organic wax (180.oF+) is too low for the normal temperatures encountered by vehicle wheel surfaces (195.oF+) Also using a polymer sealant enables the wheel surface to resist the adhesion of brake dust, dust and dirt, and road grime and it makes surface cleaning much easier using only a car wash concentrate and water solution. The newer nano technology coatings will withstand temperatures up to 500.OF

WheelWax - safe for all wheels, painted, anodised, polished or clear coated. Just wipe it on, let it dry to a haze and wipe it off. For maximum shine, rinse the wheels with cool water and buff to a high shine.

Swissvax Autobahn Wheel Wax - this product was developed for German customers of fast motor cars with alloy or magnesium wheels. The product has been tested on German Autobahns on cars with top speeds of 185 MPH (300 KPM) in Switzerland during the winter. Switzerland has one of the harshest road climates in the world using salt and harsh winter chemicals, and on racetracks in Austria and Germany.

G|Techniq C5 Wheel Sealant – a one-component clear coating based on chemical nanotechnology that offers a transparent and optically neutral coating for smooth, non-absorbing surfaces. Sealed surfaces are easy to maintain, without the need for any special cleansing agents, and are resistant to fresh soiling of the surfaces.

Used on metals offers a long-life protection against corrosion and because of its long lasting adhesion to the base material surface, and is highly resistant to mechanical and chemical attack as well as offering exceptional UV protection. For use on stainless-steel, chrome, aluminium, brass, copper and already coated surfaces. Not intended for use on glass or on plastic materials.

Application  an airbrush or HVLP paint spray gun (5/16-inch (8mm) nozzle at 30 PSI (2 bars
) to provide a single, thin (3-10 ยต) and uniform coverage for this type of coating

Maintenance- this coating requires no special maintenance and should last for around two years. Coating longevity will be improved if wheels are cleaned only with either normal car shampoo or citrus degreaser. Avoid acid wheel cleaners.

I would like to think that these articles become an asset to anyone who is new to detailing and to professionals alike, as well as industry experts who seek to advance their knowledge.

I hope the above article was informative. By having some understanding of the ‘What’ and ‘Why’ as well as the ‘How’ along with a little science to help you understand how the chemicals we use react, you can achieve the results you desire.

I would appreciate it if you would share this article as it helps other detailers further their knowledge.

Questions and/ or constructive comments are always appreciated.

Copyright © 2002 - 2012 TOGWT® (Established 1980) all rights reserved

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